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Land Management Projects
Arrow Alternative Energy from Agriculturally-Derived Pellet Fuel
Saginaw LM
Saginaw Valley State University analyzed the technical and economic viability of manufacturing a renewable and environmentally benign pellet-fuel that competes with wood pellets for heating residential and light industrial buildings. The research included a study of the economic and environmental impact of the long-duration performance of a commercially available biomass combustion furnace that will be set up to heat a light industrial building in the region. The project will included a web-based interface that provides real time telemetry information to both the researchers and the general public.

Arrow Assessment of WIN-supported Fish Passage Projects
Saginaw LM
This project proposes to implement applied research at the site of the proposed fish passage project at Frankenmuth. While these fish passage projects have been implemented in several areas across the Great Lakes, this site will represent only the third time that the application of the “rock ramp” passage technique has been used in Michigan and will be the largest project of its kind in the Great Lakes. To that end, this project provides a unique and important opportunity to look at this effort from a pre-rock-ramp and post-rockramp perspective. This WIN investment will support the on-the-ground analysis of how well these structures pass fish, as well as provide early data on the success of fish spawning activity above the dam. The project will also engage the public through presentations by Central Michigan University researchers on the importance of fish passage projects as well as provide important data to decision makers throughout the region about the effectiveness of these projects. As an added piece of the project, researchers will asses some basic qualitative economic information from the community of Frankenmuth about the public satisfaction with the project. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will be joining CMU on this project and providing staff and financial support as available.

Arrow Bay County Farmland Preservation Program
Bay LM
November 2005 - This project coordinated and developed a Farmland Preservation Program for Bay County. Led by a steering committee consisting of both rural and urban interests, this project established the mechanism by which Bay County can potentially preserve high quality farmland through a variety of market mechanisms such as the purchase of development rights. Currently, many farmers are facing escalating lad prices and pressure to sell their land to developers, which can result in “urban sprawl”, loss of community character, and adverse environmental consequences. This project help Bay County plan for the protection of high quality areas, while at the same time identify areas where development may make sense.

Arrow Birch Run Bio-diesel Project
Saginaw LM
May 2007 - This project assisted the Birch Run Area School District with an innovative bio-diesel manufacturing program. Designed to produce more than 100 gallons of bio-diesel per week, the district’s students will convert waste vegetable oil from the school district and area restaurants into fuel for the district’s bus fleet. The project will promote recycling, as well as foster learning in chemistry, engineering, and entrepreneurship. According to the district, several other school systems in Michigan have converted a portion of their bus fleet to bio-diesel, but Birch Run would be the first district to actually manufacture the fuel on site.

Arrow Cedar River Implementation Project
Gladwin LM
The Cedar River is part of the Lake Huron-Erie drainage area and is a tributary to the Tobacco, Tittabawassee, and Saginaw Rivers. Branches of the Cedar River originate in the southern portion of Roscommon County, eastern Clare County and the northwestern portion of Gladwin County. The watershed drains a surface area of approximately 120,000 acres. The goal of this project was to restore the environmental integrity and the State’s designated uses of cold-water fishery by reducing the amount of sediment and nutrients that enter into the Cedar River. Identified sources include stream bank erosion sites, road stream crossings and agriculture pollution. Water quality was improved by implementing Best Management Practices (BMPs), which better protect the resources of the river.

Gladwin Conservation District
Telephone: (989) 426-9621 Fax: (989) 426-4914
Arrow Cedar River Road Crossings Project
Gladwin LM
The Cedar River is part of the Lake Huron-Erie drainage area and is a tributary to the Tobacco, Tittabawassee, and Saginaw Rivers. The Cedar River originates in the southern portion of Roscommon County, Eastern Clare County, and the northwestern portion of Gladwin County. The watershed drains a surface area of approximately 120,000 acres. The land use for the Cedar River watershed consists approximately of 15% urban, 60% agriculture, 15% forest/wetland, and 10% recreation and other. The primary pollutant of concern in the Cedar River watershed is sediment. The goal of this project was to stabilize 5 road-stream crossings using bituminous pavement and water turnouts on approaches to the river, in addition to erosion control fabric, riprap, and check dams to stabilize roadside ditches.

Clare Conservation District
Telephone: (989) 539-6401 Fax: (989) 539-2182
Arrow Community Wood Use and Demonstration Project
Watershed Wide LM
June 2010 - This project considers a demonstration / fundraising project related to the use of urban wood (forest management and tree removal primarily). Recognizing the increased infestation of the emerald ash borer and its effect on the ash tree stock, as well as the fact that communities continue to cut back significantly on forestry programs, this project proposed to use this wood – and other urban wood -for new purposes. Generally, urban wood is chipped. This project will show that the wood can be used for other purposes, some of which can be profitable and can self-support these efforts.

Arrow Conservation District Challenge Grants for Wildlife
Watershed Wide LM
The objective of this project was to provide “cost-share” dollars to conservation district offices in the Saginaw Bay Watershed for the purchase of “plotmaster” field equipment. The plotmaster is a self-contained implement that allows for the tillage of small tracts of land that ordinary tillage equipment is too large for. The plotmaster equipment also incorporates a seeding device that allows the simultaneous planting of suitable habitat type flora. This grant paid for 65% of the cost for the equipment, and interested conservation districts will paid for 35%. This project is designed to improve habitat in areas that were previously inaccessible, including riparian areas in woodland settings, and along drains that cannot be accessed by other means.

Arrow Conservation Tillage for Water Quality and Wildlife
Watershed Wide LC, LM
November 2000 - This project was designed to encourage landowners to leave corn stubble on farmed fields undisturbed over the winter for the purposes of wildlife food and habitat, as well as to control erosion. This specific grant was used to provide administrative/educational funding to the Saginaw Bay RC&D and Soil Conservation District for the Waterfowl Food Plot project currently in progress and funded by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. The educational efforts of the Conservation District included slide presentations, newsletters, leaflets and verbal descriptions to farmers of residue benefits during the administrative activities. Innovative Farmers, a group who currently provides technical conservation information directly to other farmers, also assisted in the implementation of this project.

Arrow Evaluation of Lake Sturgeon in the Saginaw River Watershed
Watershed Wide LM
May 2004 - This three year project investigated the Tittabawassee, Shiawassee, Cass, and Saginaw Rivers, to determine if lake sturgeon were utilizing these rivers for spawning. The study area included the free flowing portions of these rivers from Lake Huron up river to the first impassable barrier. Anecdotal reports by recreational anglers indicated that occasionally adult lake sturgeon are being captured below the low head dam on the Tittabawassee River near the town of Midland. The origin, distribution and spawning success of that population of lake sturgeon was unknown. Personnel from the US Fish and Wildlife Service Alpena FRO (Service) surveyed these rivers for the presence of spawning lake sturgeon. Information gathered is providing essential data required to guide future habitat protection, enhancement, and restoration activities in the Saginaw River watershed. This project was a crucial first step in determining the present and potential contribution of lake sturgeon from these rivers to adjacent populations in Saginaw Bay and Lake Huron. Additionally, this effort is assisting in the recovery of sturgeon from state “Threatened” status and is consistent with MDNR Lake Sturgeon Rehabilitation Strategy (LSRS). Funding of this project allowed the Service to participate in and expedite the Lake Huron Bi-National Partnership process including on the ground restoration actions and support an International Joint Commission initiative for delisting the Saginaw River as an Areas of Concern.

Arrow Farmland Preservation Workshop
Watershed Wide LM
October 2001 - This project was a local extension of a series of workshops focused on current tools and techniques for protecting farmland and developing successful land use planning strategies. WIN funding assisted in the planning and implementation of a one-day workshop that will outlined available programs by bringing in expertise from around the nation to discuss these issues.

Arrow Fish Point Interpretive Trail
Tuscola CD, LM
This project built upon previous WIN-supported projects at the Fish Point State Game Area including a wildlife/waterfowl observation tower and a wetland restoration project. This proposal supported the re-establishment of an existing, but unimproved, trail that provides educational opportunities about the resources available in the State Game Area, as well as highlights the sustainable concepts that the conservation of these areas promote. Fundamental to the trail improvements was the development of an information kiosk and signage placement along the trail network, along with improvement to the trail bed itself.

Arrow Fish Point Wetland Restoration
Tuscola LM
November 1997 - DU partnered with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) to improve habitat for shore birds, tundra swans, and blue-winged teal by restoring wetland and prairie areas at the Fish Point Wildlife Area. The restoration included 15 acres of shallow water marsh, 40 acres of moist soil wetland and 9 acres of lake plain prairie. These birds are prized by bird watchers. The site is ideal for bird watching because adjacent parking areas serve it. A wheel-chair accessible blind on the site can be used for photography and barrier-free hunting. DU completed a substantial portion the restoration during the summer of 1998 and a public dedication was held in the Fall of 1998. DU installed the last water control structure in Spring 1999.

Arrow Flint River Priority Lands, Landowner Connection and Enrollment Program
Genesee, Lapeer LM
December 2011 - This project builds on previous WIN investments including the Genesee, Lapeer, Shiawassee Greenlinks Project and Metamora Horse Country Project. Fashioned after WIN-funded work at Little Forks Conservancy in 2004, this effort will target and map strategic lands in the upper Flint watershed that are most strategic for conservation. In addition, the program will develop that region’s first enrollment program (registry) of landowners interested in conservation, but not yet ready to commit to permanent conservation. This project also seeks to implement the “bioreserve” program, which will establish biological inventories on properties of willing landowners.

Arrow Frankenmuth Fish Passage Project for the Cass River Dam
Saginaw CD, LM
May 2006 - Fish Wish is the capital improvement project designed to modify the Frankenmuth dam, enabling fish passage on the Cass River. The Cass River is a tributary of the Saginaw River and part of the Saginaw Bay Watershed. The fish passage project, located at the base of the Frankenmuth dam, places rock material immediately downstream of the dam. This ramp creates a gradual slope known as a rock ramp. The design does not require a separate bypass around the dam for fish passage and include naturalistic features with the use of rock materials. The rock ramp allows non-jumping fish to pass through notches within the rock/weir structures. Variable flow can occur around the rocks and boulders placed in the river, allowing fish of various sizes to find areas of passable velocity. The rock ramp not only facilitates fish passage but also has great aesthetic and recreational appeal, critical to the tourism economy of Frankenmuth. The Frankenmuth Dam was identified as being one of the three high priority fish passage project by the WIN funded study entitled “Fish Passage at Low-Head Barrier Dams in the Saginaw River Watershed” by Public Sector Consultants. Fish passage at this site allows fish spawning in approximately 73 miles of that river that was currently unavailable.

Arrow Harvesting Clean Energy Conference
Watershed Wide LM
November 2005 - This project included a local conference in 2006 that focused on bringing agriculture and energy interests together to advace opportunities for producers and rural communites to profitable diversity into clean energy production. Grant dollars were used to bring in national experts to highlight a variety of successful projects, programs and technologies that have worked in other parts of the nation that could be implemented and replicated in the Saginaw Bay Region.

Arrow Highway Borrow Pit Restoration and Enhancement Demonstration
Bay CD, LM
Abandoned highway borrow pits are common throughout the region. Most fall into public ownership and are only marginally suitable for public recreation purposes or wildlife habitat. The Cody-Estey Road pit in Bay County has been selected as a pilot borrow pit restoration site. This demonstration showed how borrow pit areas can be metamorphosed into productive habitat areas for fish and wildlife as well as be aesthetically pleasing areas for public recreation. This project established a gated parking area, completed brush clearing, excavated shallow water areas, established an access drive, and re-vegetated the grassland and provides shrub plantings. A sign that describes the demonstration and recognizes sponsors was erected at the site.

Arrow Huron Area Technical Center – Small Wind Generator Program
Huron LM
June 2009 - This project involves the development of a new educational facility at the Huron Area Technical Center that is focused on small, residential-scale wind turbine evaluation, construction and maintenance. This “trades” based program is the only one in the state that is focused on residential wind turbines. HATC has formed a partnership with Delta College, which is in the process of building a curriculum focused on commercial and industrial wind turbines. WIN funding will assist in the purchase of two wind turbines for the facility, one of a “horizontal” style, and another of a newer “vertical” style.

Arrow Invasive Brush Control for the Enhancement of CREP Grassland Restorations
Watershed Wide LM
November 2000 - The U.S.D.A. has spent $2.5 million to administer a Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) which has restored over 25,000 acres of wetland/grassland complexes in the Saginaw Bay Watershed during 2001 and 2002. Portions of these restorations are vulnerable to brush invasion during early stages of establishment if they are near wooded areas. In order to establish the desired plant communities, brush must be controlled either by mowing or application of Garlon 3A herbicide. Chemical spot treatment during the first year or two of restoration appear to be the most effective and least costly means of control identified thus far. The grant funds will be used to hire contractors who have the training and experience to identify target species without injuring the desired prairie and wetland species. Currently brush control is not an eligible practice under the CREP program. This project will demonstrate to CREP administrators the need for brush control funding in future CREP programs. Grasslands are important habitat for small mammals, which are an important food source for red-tailed hawks, marsh hawks, short-eared owls, red fox, and coyotes. Grasslands provide nesting cover for Henslow, grasshopper, and vesper sparrows, meadowlarks, bobolinks, bobwhite quail, pheasants, and several species of ducks.

Arrow Invasive Brush Control on Private Grasslands
Huron, Saginaw, Tuscola LM
November 2000 - This was a pilot project to control brush on private lands in Huron, Tuscola, and Saginaw counties. In cooperation with Pheasants Forever, a Conservation District agent maintained brush control records and prepared educational information on the values of grasslands for wildlife and the use of prescribed fire as a management tool. Priority was being given to native prairies, proximity to wetlands, and invasive exotics – in that order.

Arrow Lakeplain Prairie Restoration
Tuscola LM
November 1999 - Project partners restored 25 acres of Lakeplain Prairie, a globally significant habitat type. The restorations occurred on DNR land along the Bay. The DNR will maintain the restored prairie after restoration.

Arrow Metamore Horse Country Project
Lapeer, Oakland LM
May 2007 - Located in parts of Lapeer and Oakland Counties, the Metamora “Horse Country” region encompasses approximately 60 square miles. This project implemented components of the GLS Greenlink Plan (funded in part by WIN) by protecting critical natural areas, agricultural land, and connection between them primarily by the use of conservation easements. This area is currently under development pressure by the metro Flint and Detroit areas. This project is unique because it focused on a distinct part of the community – horse owners- who also own a majority of the land available for conservation. This project funded forums, planning activities, outreach and education.

Arrow Michigan Waterfowl Legacy Implementation in the Saginaw Bay Region
Watershed Wide LM
December 2012 - This project supports an expanded Saginaw Bay component of the newly created Michigan Waterfowl Legacy program. The MWL is a statewide effort to promote the use of wetlands, primarily by hunters, new hunters, and birders. The objective of the program is to improve waterfowl populations and habitat, increase waterfowl hunting participation, promote the value of waterfowl hunting, and engages citizens to take positive action to conserve the state’s waterfowl and wetland areas. This coalition operates on a small, statewide budget primarily supported by the partners in the coalition. This proposal seeks to fund work specifically in the Saginaw Bay Watershed – work that will primarily include communication and marketing materials and events.

Arrow Mill Pond Dam Removal
Isabella CD, LM
April 2000 - This project involved removing the deteriorating mill pond dam structure in the City of Mt. Pleasant. The dam was removed and the remaining rubble was utilized to fill holes and stabilize the banks and shoreline downstream from the site. The dam removal reestablished fish passage and habitat that had been fragmented for years, allowing unrestricted water and fish passage from the Dow Dam in Midland to the upper reaches of the river in Mecosta and Osceola Counties. The dam removal was part of a $2.1 million multi-use, barrier-free trail and park improvement project that will connect five City parks along the Chippewa River corridor. The plan included the creation of an arched pedestrian bridge, canoe landings, fishing and observation decks, wetland construction and improvements, and an information center. Park development partners include the Chippewa Watershed Conservancy, Chippewa Valley Audubon Club, Boy Scouts, Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe, and Central Michigan University.

Arrow Native Plant Seed Source Development at Saginaw Correctional Facility
Saginaw LM
November 2005 - In partnership with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and the Saginaw Correctional Facility in Freeland, the Shiawassee National Refuge proposed to develop a perpetual seed source for native plants that can be used in restoration projects at the Refuge. In addition, the project incorporated an interpretive kiosk that describes the importance of native plants as part of the ecosystem, as well as describes the fundamental construction and remediation of wetland areas. As part of this project, inmates at the Saginaw County Correction Facility continue the project as part of their current gardening program.

Arrow Nayanquing Point and Fish Point Shorebird Habitat Restoration
Bay LM
November 1998 - DU partnered with the DNR to develop two shorebird habitat areas, one at the Nayanquing Point Wildlife Area and the other at Fish Point Wildlife Area. These areas provide critical habitat for shorebirds, waterfowl and other wetland wildlife, and serve as excellent viewing areas for birdwatchers. The shallow water habitat developed through this project will also benefit rails, moorhens, and wading birds. These new shorebird habitats are adjacent to existing wheel chair accessible observation towers and will provide high quality viewing areas.

Arrow Nayanquing Point East Marsh Enhancement Phase 3
Bay CD, LM, WM
This project was the third and final phase of a plan to enhance the Nayanquing Point Wildlife Area’s (near Linwood) 298-acre East Marsh for wildlife habitat and public use. The phase 3 program involved the installation of screw down flap gates on the two existing 36” tubes through the dike at the East Marsh. The addition of these gates allows water levels to fluctuate naturally with the level of Saginaw Bay, while at the same time allows for the containment of water in the unit during low water, or expected low water conditions.

Arrow Organic Education and Advancement
Watershed Wide LM
October 2001 - This project provided education, training and experience in organic production certification and marketing for organic farmers who are interested in these practices. This project developed the framework for a decreased use of agricultural chemicals, developed the capacity for small-farm based organic production, and an increased profitability for producers who choose to participate in this niche market. Learning activities included group meetings, tours, on-farm demonstrations, field days, regional conferences, focus groups and mentorships.

Arrow Pine River-Van Etten Lake Watershed Management Plan
Iosco LM
The Pine River/Van Etten Lake Watershed Planning Project was intended to: 1) update of the watershed plan to meet the new EPA 9 Elements criteria; 2) gather necessary baseline information for future BMP installation; and 3) conduct an outreach program. While no best management practices were implemented as part of this project, gathering baseline information and inventorying the many nonpoint source sites in the watershed provided a foundation for future improvement efforts with measurable results. In addition, raised public awareness and a more informed and enthusiastic watershed coalition will help to keep up the effort to bring funding to the area and to implement the watershed plan’s goals.

Huron Pines
Telephone: (989) 344-0753 Fax: (989) 348-7945
Arrow Practical Planning for Michigan’s Bio-Energy Crop Production
Isabella, Saginaw LM
November 2007 - This project, sponsored by Michigan State University Extension, developed two demonstration sites for bioenergy crops in Saginaw and Isabella counties. Additionally, the project produced printed materials that discussed the next phase of bioenergy production (after corn/ethanol, experts believe that the next energy production techniques will be from cellulosic ethanol). Finally, the grant privided support for conferences and travel to begin building the capacity and expertise of Extension and other resources professional to ensure their ability to support those in the agricultural industry that begin to diversify their crops toward energy production.

Arrow Preserve Restoration and Demonstration
Bay LM
May 2006 - This project proposes to use WIN funding to eliminate the non-native Phragmites vegetation from the Pinconning Nature Preserve, which is owned by the Saginaw Basin Land Conservancy. This project involved both a controlled burn on the property, as well as the application of a chemical herbicide. The project sponsors believed that by eliminating the Phragmites that has taken hold in the preserve, it will allow them to more effectively maintain control of this undesirable species in the future. The site is a high quality coastal site along the Saginaw Bay.

Arrow Restoring Flows and Enhancing Fish Passage over Low-head Barrier Dams in the Saginaw River Wateshed
Watershed Wide LM
Based on research presented in the WIN Water Resources Fisheries Scoping Study, this document detailed a critical issue facing the natural reproduction of the Saginaw Bay Fishery as lack of access to appropriate spawning areas caused by dams. This project developed a strategy for resource managers and communities that will assess the most cost-effective options for fish removal and/or fish passage to achieve the targeted, sustainable fish population goals for Saginaw Bay. This strategy includes a classification of dams in the Saginaw River Watershed based on current use, ownership, expected life span, potential safety issues, sea lamprey barrier issues, and other factors such as potential for increasing spawning habitat in a tributary, as well as costs and funding options. Watershed Wide

Arrow Restoring Wetlands and Fish Passage in the Shiawassee Flats
Shiawassee LM
June 2011 - This proposal contemplates WIN funding, joined by Dow/PIRGM funding recommended by the Water Resources Task Group – to support the restoration of approximately 900 acres at the Shiawassee Refuge. The WIN application addresses the fish passage project alone, though one of the objectives of the water resources task group is wetland restoration as well. The fish passage contemplated in this proposal uses a structure that was first used at Ottawa Refuge in Ohio. This structure will provide certain fish species that are dependent on flooded marsh for reproduction to access the 900 acre restoration site (pike, perch and others). This proposal will match a pending $1,500,000 application for federal funds, and will increase their odds by adding an additional and respected partner.

Arrow Ringwood Forest Park Canoe Trail
Saginaw CD, LC, LM, WM
May 1999 - One of the recommendations of the Fisheries Scoping Study was to improve small boat access on the watershed’s rivers. This project did that. The Friends of the Bad River removed snags and blockages from the south branch of the Bad River between Ringwood County Park and St. Charles River Park. Some of the downed trees were cabled to the banks to stabilize the river; the rest were removed. The snags diverted the river from its natural course, exacerbating bank erosion. They also blocked small boat access. Removing the snags opened river for small boats, restored the river’s natural course, enhanced fish habitat, and helped prevent future bank erosion. Saginaw County

Arrow SASWA Urbanized Area Disconnect Project
Saginaw LM
The Saginaw Area Storm Water Authority is made up of 16 municipal, county and educational institutions that reside in Saginaw County. The members are committed to helping eliminate illicit discharges and achieve the goal of full and partial body contact in the Upper Saginaw, Lower Cass and Lower Tittabawassee rivers and to further the restoration of the warm water fishery. This project built upon the previous illicit discharge elimination grant and concentrated on an older residential and rural area that was recognized from the previous grant. It also provided funds for follow up and elimination of suspicious point sources. The project identified 6 new probable sources and eliminated 3 other sources. It also was used as justification of a new $5 million dollar sanitary system expansion and pump station in Bridgeport Charter Township.

Saginaw Area SW Authority
Telephone: (989) 790-5258 Fax: (989) 790-5259
Arrow Shiawassee NWR Wetland Restoration
Shiawassee CD, LM
June 2009 - This project requested funding to support the restoration of 220 acres at the Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge. The purpose of the project is two-fold: to support the improvement of wildlife habitat and associated wetland values, and to also develop a unique educational example of wetland restoration. Because this site will be immediately adjacent to the Refuge’s new auto-tour route, there exists an opportunity to showcase a wetland restoration example to an estimated 30,000 visitors each year. In fact, this restored wetland will be among the first parts of the Refuge seen from the tour route.

Arrow Shiawassee River Resoration and Chesaning Dam Removal Project
Saginaw LM
November 2008 - The Chesaning Dam was identified in the 2003 WIN Fisheries Scoping Study and the subsequent WIN 2005 Low Head Barrier Analysis as a critical impoundment inhibiting fish passage in the Saginaw River system. Like the Frankenmuth Dam, the Chesaning project opens river and makes native spawning areas available to fish that have been compromised since the late 1800s. Fish passage at Chesaning will open 37 miles of stream habitat – with native walleye and sturgeon being the targeted fish for restoration at this location. Chesaning recently received a $900,000 grant from the State of Michigan to match the WIN funding to assist this $1.4 million project.

Arrow Shiawassee River Vernal Pool Restoration Project
Shiawassee LM
June 2010 - This project requested a WIN investment at the Devries Nature Conservancy near Owosso. The funding supported the re-establishment of a 6 acre “Vernal Pool” complex at the center. Vernal Pools, which are considered among the most productive wetland types, are typically less than 1 or 2 feet deep, and are generally supported by spring rains and snow melt. It is estimated that vernal pools makes up less than 5% of Michigan’s wetland types. In addition to the wetland restoration itself, this vernal pool serves as a focus of educational activities at Devries.

Arrow Southern Lakes Planning Initiative
Genesee LM
May 2006 - This project, located in Genesee County, was a planning and regional cooperation initiative designed to better coordinate land use planning across local government jurisdictions. This area, known as the “Lakes Region” includes the communities of Linden and Fenton, as well as the Townships of Mundy, Fenton, Argentine and Tyrone. This effort inventoried land use in the region, develop strategies for managing growth, develop a steering committee made up of representatives of the affected communities, and gradually move toward the creation of an area-wide land use plan and strategy.

Arrow Tawas Point Birding Platforms
Iosco CD, LM
November 1999 - Construction of six bird viewing platforms in Tawas Point State Park. The platforms protect fragile dune areas and provide sitting and viewing areas for visitors.

Arrow Thumbs Up! Restoration Project
Huron LM
May 2007 - The Saginaw Wetlands Nature Sanctuary is located along Saginaw Bay in Huron County, adjacent to the Wildfowl Bay State Game Area. This site represents perhaps the best example of remaining lakeplain prairie habitat in the entire Great Lakes region, and has been labeled as such by several organizations including The Nature Conservancy. It is also home to the federally threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid, three state threatened plants and two species of state concern. Unfortunately, this site continues to deteriorate because of invasive plant species that are pushing out the important native plant species. This grant supported the removal of invasive species as well as research by Michigan Natural Features Inventory that developed a long-term management plan for the site that is transferable to other lakeplain prairie areas in the Great Lakes.

Arrow Vassar Dam Removal
Saginaw LM, WM
June 2012 - The Vassar Dam is a hazard to recreation, impedes fish passage during low water conditions, and is complicating flood control in Vassar. As part of a broader effort to increase use and appreciation of the Cass River, partners – in particular the Cass River Greenways Committee – have identified the need for the removal of this structure. This WIN grant will help Vassar remove the dilapidated dam structure and restore habitat at the site.

Arrow West Genesee Natural Area
Lapeer CD, LM
The City of Lapeer has carefully planned for a 35 acre natural area within its city limits at the site of the former Lapeer State Home. This plan was developed by the City of Lapeer and a volunteer citizens committee. The primary purpose of the project was to preserve habitat and make the site available for wildlife and ecology education. Specifically, the project involved the expansion of wetlands, the installation of a boardwalk, and the installation of an observation deck and mound. The site is adjacent to an SVSU charter school, and is a short walk from Mott University.

Arrow Wigwam Bay State Wildlife Area Coastal Wetland Restoration
Arenac LM
November 2006 - This project, sponsored by Ducks Unlimited, proposed to re-establish a wetland of up to 200 acres at this 3200 acre preserve. Hydrologic restoration of this coastal wetland is a significant conservation achievement that meets habitat conservation objectives of many groups working in the Saginaw Bay Region. Saginaw Bay’s coastal wetlands have been identified as “globally significant” by The Nature Conservancy. This project identified the area to be restored, and completed the restoration along with a variety of partners.

Arrow Wolf Creek Riverine Wetland Restoration
Shiawassee LM
November 2000 - This project assisted in the restoration of the hydrology of a prior-converted wetland at the Shiawassee State Game Area. This project restored this area to a functioning wetland system by installing a 24 inch diameter culvert and riser through the dike to connect the wetland area with the river. This project has been identified as a priority in the WIN Habitat Framework, and is located beneath the 585’ contour as recommended in the study.

Arrow Wood Ducks in the Watershed
Watershed Wide CD, LM
November 2000 - Bob Kraut, fifth grade teacher at Bay City’s Washington Elementary School, developed this innovative program designed to teach youth about wildlife and the outdoors. Through the Wood Ducks in the Watershed project, fifth graders build and place approximately 60 wood duck nesting boxes per year on area public and private lands. High school students from Bay City Western and Bay City Central high schools are mapping, repairing, and collecting data from the boxes. Information that students collect is passed on to local and state agencies for statistical research purposes. This is an ongoing project that is funded outside of the school budget.