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Water Management Projects
Arrow Averill Preserve Wetland Construction
Midland CD, WM
June 2005 - The Averill Nature Preserve is a 73 acre site that is situated between the Tittabawassee River and the Pere Marquette Trail in Midland County. An existing drain that passes through the property drains a much larger watershed above the Averill preserve. The drain was inadequately sized to handle the flow, and had cracked – allowing most of the water to miss the drain completely, eroding land around the drain. The Little Forks Conservancy used WIN funding to construct a unique four-cell wetland to eliminate the need for the compromised drain, maintain stormwater conveyance, and serve as a polishing basin during storm events. These wetland cells include native plantings and habitat components, and serve as an education facility for this innovative stormwater management alternative.

Arrow Bay City Illicit Discharge Elimination Program
Bay WM
The purpose of this project was to identify illicit non-storm water discharges to the storm sewer system in the Bay City urbanized area. Initially, each outfall in Bay City was investigated using the methodology identified in the city’s Illicit Discharge Elimination Program (IDEP) Field Protocol Manual. During the initial screening investigations, approximately 33 percent of the outfalls were partially inundated by the Saginaw River, so smoke testing and dye testing practices were implemented to determine if any illicit connections existed in the inundated sewers. Approximately 440 residential and commercial parcels were tested. Of the 48 original outfalls identified in the county permit, six additional outfalls were found, nine original outfalls were found not to be municipal storm sewer outfalls and 10 illicit connections were identified. To date, 10 illicit sanitary connections to the City’s storm sewer have been removed and confirmed.

City of Bay City
Phone: (989) 891-1200 Fax: (989) 893-4146
Arrow Cedar River Land Registry Program
Clare, Gladwin WM
June 2010 - Midland’s Little Forks Conservancy proposes to create a unique land registry program in Clare and Gladwin County’s Cedar River Watershed. Over the past 4 years, Little Forks has been working to acquire land and conservation easements in the Cedar River Watershed to protect the water quality of one of the Saginaw Bay Watershed’s few cold water trout-streams. The registry program will provide an opportunity for land-owners, who may not be ready for permanent land conservation to join others in a voluntary program. This registry will then allow the conservancy to keep track of these properties, and be first in line should the property owners move toward more permanent conservation.

Arrow Flint River Watershed Public Education Project
Genesee, Lapeer CD, WM
October 2001 - The FRWC wished to begin a public education program within the Flint River basin. This project helped them raise the awareness of residents through public service announcements, newsletters, developing a presentation to be used by a speaker’s bureau, and a traveling display. A storm drain stenciling program was also developed. The project seeked to raise the awareness about protecting watersheds and improving water quality. Genesee and Lapeer Counties

Arrow Genesee Conservation District Kearsley/Swartz Creek Watershed Phosphorus Reduction Project Overview
Genesee WM
The Genesee Conservation District (GCD) has contracted with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to protect local streams and reduce phosphorus pollution loading to the Saginaw Bay Watershed. This will be accomplished by enlisting farmers in the NRCS Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) in the Kearsley Creek and Swartz Creek Watersheds.

Arrow Gray Water Management / Health Professions Building Renovation- Delta College
Saginaw WM
June 2012 - This WIN investment supports a major update at the Delta College Health Professions Building. As part of these upgrades, Delta will be adding a “gray water management system” that will use water runoff from roofs, as well as ground water from the site, for use in secondary water systems (i.e. toilet flushing) with excess capacity being diverted for lawn sprinkling systems. The project will include underground cisterns, piping, plantings, and a filtration system.

Arrow Hampton School Rain Garden
Bay CD, WM
May 2007 - Students at Bay City’s Hampton Elementary have developed a “rain garden” on low lying property at their elementary school. Designed to reduce runoff from the school grounds, as well as filter pollutants from the water, the rain garden will serve as an important demonstration of on-site water quality management and green development in a very visible location. A local architect and a landscape architecture firm consulted on this project.

Arrow Kawkawlin River Watershed Planning Project
Bay WM
The Kawkawlin River and Watershed is a unique and fragile resource that has experienced degradation over the last several decades. It is more dependent on storm water for its flow than any other river in Michigan. The 250 square mile watershed has seen increased development pressures and until the last decade, intensive agricultural practices and limited pollution control has contributed to the poor water quality and the physical condition of the stream. Warnings against full body contact in the River have been issued by the Bay County Health Department due to high levels of E- coli. Portions of the river that reach a depth of eight or more feet in the spring, dry completely in the summer. In that respect, the Kawkawlin more resembles a man made drain than a watercourse. There have been a number of studies done on the Kawkawlin over the years. This project has consolidated data and prioritized opportunities to better implement a restoration strategy.

Bay County Drain Commissioner
Telephone: (989) 895-4290 Fax: (989) 895-4292
Arrow Loop Park Urban Erosion Control
Shiawassee CD, LC, WM
May 2001 - The City of Owosso’s Loop Park is a riverside park located along the Shiawassee River near downtown. The stream bank along Loop Park was highly eroded, and water quality was poor because of suspected pathogen and nutrient influences of highly concentrated waterfowl. This project intended to correct environmental problems, while giving community training in soft engineering using natural restoration techniques including soil bioengineering, increasing recreational capabilities and appreciation of the river, and allowing natural restoration to serve as an ongoing educational tool for the rest of the region. Included in this project was interpretive signage and native plantings.

Arrow Mid-Shiawassee River Watershed Restoration Project
Shiawassee WM
This project covered three subwatersheds of the Shiawassee River Watershed: 1) State Road Drain, covering 13,760 acres of predominantly agricultural land use including an extensive network of maintained drains; 2) Middle Branch of the Shiawassee River covering 22,336 acres of mostly urban land use, encompassing the growing cities of Owosso and Corunna; and 3) Holly Drain, covering 22,720 acres of mixed agricultural and urban land uses, including a network of transportation routes. Pollutants threatening water quality include sediment, nutrients, pathogens, trash and heavy metals and petroleum products. This project heightened the awareness level of the watershed’s stakeholders and laid a foundation for the next phase of this project which will be adoption and implementation of best management practices (BMPs) for improvement and protection of water quality. The project created and distributed brochures, newsletters, and newspaper articles within the Mid-Shiawassee Watershed in order to educate the public in regards to BMPs, nonpoint sources of pollution, native plantings, and construction sites. Also through this project, 21 site plans were developed, and several workshops held at several locations covering farming BMPs, home builder BMPs, and home owner water quality practices. The knowledge, experience, and working relationships gained through this project will serve as the basis for a model for change and sustainability of surface water quality improvement in not only the Shiawassee River Watershed, but also other watersheds throughout the State.

Shiawassee Conservation District
Telephone: (989) 723-8263 Ext. 3 Fax: (989) 723-8491
Arrow Nayanquing Point East Marsh Enhancement Phase 3
Bay CD, LM, WM
This project was the third and final phase of a plan to enhance the Nayanquing Point Wildlife Area’s (near Linwood) 298-acre East Marsh for wildlife habitat and public use. The phase 3 program involved the installation of screw down flap gates on the two existing 36” tubes through the dike at the East Marsh. The addition of these gates allows water levels to fluctuate naturally with the level of Saginaw Bay, while at the same time allows for the containment of water in the unit during low water, or expected low water conditions.

Arrow Phytoremediation
Saginaw WM
April 2000 - This project, sponsored by Saginaw Valley State University, built on work that has been done by the Saginaw County Health Department that has indicated lead exposure / contamination as a significant problem in the Saginaw By Watershed. This project worked to determine the practical and economic feasibility of using common plants for brownfield remediation of contaminated sites in the region. Studies were conducted at the control site on the SVSU campus, as well as at selected contaminated sites in the region. The study attempted to determine whether phytoremediation is indeed viable, and whether removal of lead from land that is currently vacant or not productive may become possible. Further, given that many residential areas and community gathering places (i.e. playgrounds) contain lead in the soil, this process may permit lead removal while causing little disturbance to current activities at the site.

Arrow Pollution Prevention for Regional Healthcare Facilities
Watershed Wide WM
November 1999 - The National Wildlife Federation launched this voluntary program with all major health facilities across the watershed to reduce the amount of mercury in hospital waste streams. The project quantifies the amount of mercury diverted. Partners in this region included Bay Medical Center, Covenant Hospital, and Mid-Michigan Regional Medical Center.

Arrow Rifle River Watershed Restoration
Arenac WM
The Rifle River Watershed is located in east central Lower Michigan and is a tributary to Saginaw Bay. It encompasses portions of Arenac and Ogemaw Counties. Due to its high quality natural resource base the Rifle River supports agriculture, forestry, and diverse recreation including fishing, canoeing, hunting, trapping and birding. The Rifle River is being affected by sediment and nutrient enrichment. Identified sources include stream bank erosion, road crossings and agriculture. This project improved water quality by implementing several different Best Management Practices (BMPs) which limit the amount of sediment and nutrients and better protect the Rifle River and its resources.

Saginaw Bay RC&D
Telephone: (989) 684-5650 Fax: (989) 684-5896
Arrow Ringwood Forest Park Canoe Trail
Saginaw CD, LC, LM, WM
May 1999 - One of the recommendations of the Fisheries Scoping Study was to improve small boat access on the watershed’s rivers. This project did that. The Friends of the Bad River removed snags and blockages from the south branch of the Bad River between Ringwood County Park and St. Charles River Park. Some of the downed trees were cabled to the banks to stabilize the river; the rest were removed. The snags diverted the river from its natural course, exacerbating bank erosion. They also blocked small boat access. Removing the snags opened river for small boats, restored the river’s natural course, enhanced fish habitat, and helped prevent future bank erosion. Saginaw County

Arrow River Cleanup 2000
Midland CD, WM
This project funded a river cleanup along 4 miles of the Chippewa River and along 2 miles of the Pine River in Midland County. Recent river inventories had detailed a need for a cleanup of unwanted items in the path of the river. Observations of tires, old appliances, trash cans, bottles, cans, and other rubbish were common in this area. The cleanup was be held in conjunction with Midland River Day on July 22, 2000.

Arrow Saginaw Bay Great Lakes Water Quality Issues Booth
Bay, Midland, Saginaw CD, WM
May 2006 - The issues booth promotes public awareness and understanding of the Saginaw Bay and Great Lakes water quality by demonstrating how individual actions impact the freshwater system of our region. The project seeks to affect the behavior of individuals by educating them about the importance of their actions, to contribute to a broader education effort that seeks to bring about a cultural shift in attitude toward environmental stewardship, and to promise the Saginaw Bay region throughout the Great Lakes Basin as a tourism destination and opportunity,

Arrow Saginaw Bay Watershed Pollution Prevention/Chemical Collection Program
Saginaw WM
May 1999 - This was a joint project of the Saginaw County Department of Health and the Michigan Department of Agriculture to construct a permanent facility to collect pesticides from farmers, homeowners, nurseries, etc. Any end user of pesticides will be able to dispose of unwanted materials at the facility at no cost. The collection facility was completed in 1999.

Arrow SASWA Illicit Discharge Elimination
Saginaw WM
The watershed area for the Saginaw Area Storm Water Authority (SASWA) contains portions of the Upper Saginaw, Lower Tittabawassee, Lower Cass, Lower Flint and Swan Creek. The land usage is composed of rural, residential, commercial and light industrial. The heavy industrial areas are in a combined sewer region. Storm drainage systems have been identified as a source of contamination consisting mainly of sediment with their subsequent nutrient and bacterial loads. This project involved the dry weather screening of a majority of the SASWA watershed area of responsibility, which contains the Urbanized Area of Saginaw. It also involved education of the public to report illicit connections and dumping. The screening resulted in an inventory of drains, outfalls, point sources, and road crossings. With this information compiled sediment loads and discharge sources were investigated and illicit connections found and eliminated to improve water quality in the region.

Saginaw Area Storm Water Authority
Telephone: 989-790-5258 Fax: 989-790-5259
Arrow SASWA Urbanized Area Disconnect Project
Saginaw WM
The Saginaw Area Storm Water Authority is made up of 16 municipal, county and educational institutions that reside in Saginaw County. The members are committed to helping eliminate illicit discharges and achieve the goal of full and partial body contact in the Upper Saginaw, Lower Cass and Lower Tittabawassee rivers and to further the restoration of the warm water fishery. This project built upon the previous illicit discharge elimination grant and concentrated on an older residential and rural area that was recognized from the previous grant. It also provided funds for follow up and elimination of suspicious point sources. The project identified 6 new probable sources and eliminated 3 other sources. It also was used as justification of a new $5 million dollar sanitary system expansion and pump station in Bridgeport Charter Township.

Saginaw Area SW Authority
Telephone: (989) 790-5258 Fax: (989) 790-5259
Arrow Scientific Irrigation Scheduling for SBW Producers
Watershed Wide WM
October 2001 - Designed to assist farmers who utilize irrigation for crop production, this project helped individuals better understand soil/water holding capacity, how evapotranspiration varies throughout the growing season, how water needs vary over time, and the movement of agricultural chemicals through the soil. WIN funding helped provide education, as well as allowed for the purchase of a Troxler Electron Moisture Sensor that allows for sensitive determination of water content at a variety of soil levels. The sensor is available to Extension agents throughout the watershed.

Arrow Septage Source Elimination Program and Revolving Fund
Bay WM
December 2010 - Bay County has submitted this proposal to WIN to assist in the establishment of a revolving fund – administered by Bay County – focused on providing low interest loans to homeowners for septic tank repair/replacement in areas where water quality is being negatively impacted. The loans will be provided based upon specific criteria focusing on relative impact to water quality. WIN funds join $14,000 committed by the Bay Area Community Foundation, as well as $30,000 in additional grant monies. Additionally, Bay County will be hosting workshops on how this program will work and to raise awareness of the impact of failing systems on local water quality.

Arrow Stark Road Sanitary Sewer Extension
Midland WM
The goal of this project was to eliminate E.coli and other fecal coliforms discharging from the septic systems of the 30 homes and a commercial business in and around the Stark Drive subdivision in Saginaw County. The project consisted of installing a gravity sanitary sewer system from each home and business, a sanitary sewer pump station, and a sanitary sewer forcemain connected to Thomas Township’s existing sanitary sewer system. The new sanitary sewer system allows for all the raw sewage from the homes and business to be directed to Thomas Township’s sanitary sewer system, which eventually gets treated at the Saginaw Township Wastewater Treatment Plant, thus eliminating the need for on-site septic systems and the raw sewage discharges from them.

Thomas Township
Telephone: (989) 781-0150 Fax: (989) 781-0290
Arrow Tittabawassee Watershed Management Plan Water Quality Analysis Phase 2 & Shoreline Reconnaissance
Gladwin WM
The Northern Tittabawassee River Task Force is proposing to complete a second year of water quality testing at critical sites in the along the Tittabawassee River in Gladwin County. Along with water sampling and in cooperation with the Gladwin County Health Department, the NTRTF will conduct a shoreline reconnaissance project that will look for “point source discharges of sewage into the river. Finally a land use and development study will be completed in these areas that will provide information on historical land use, current land use, and proposed development. This report will serve as the basis for the reconnaissance effort. It is anticipated that the health department will use this information in the promulgation of a sewage/septic inspection ordinance that will be implemented as property transfers take place within the watershed.

Arrow Vassar Dam Removal
Saginaw LM, WM
June 2012 - The Vassar Dam is a hazard to recreation, impedes fish passage during low water conditions, and is complicating flood control in Vassar. As part of a broader effort to increase use and appreciation of the Cass River, partners – in particular the Cass River Greenways Committee – have identified the need for the removal of this structure. This WIN grant will help Vassar remove the dilapidated dam structure and restore habitat at the site.

Arrow Volunteer Water Quality Monitoring, Support & Training
Midland, Saginaw CD, WM
The purpose of this project was to educate, train, and assist community and school watershed groups to conduct water quality testing in the watershed. The project spun off of two ongoing projects on Midland’s Sturgeon Creek and an effort being facilitated by Saginaw Public Schools. As part of this project, a watershed database and website was developed for housing existing data, and for making the data available to the general public. Steps were taken to standardize the procedures used by watershed groups to ensure quality and consistency in the results. The project was designed to be a model that SVSU can use throughout the Saginaw Basin.

Arrow Water Tunnel
Midland CD, WM
The Midland Conservation District built a “water tunnel” similar to the WIN-funded Earth Tunnel that was built in 1999. The Water Tunnel is a traveling display that will provide an inside and outside view of water quality, its sources and causes of impairments. The design of the tunnel demonstrates the sources and causes of pollutants created by improper land use practices. It also discusses how impairments can be improved. The Water Tunnel gives visitors a view of good and bad stream management techniques and the impact that both have on life forms in the streams and on the surrounding land.

Arrow West Branch Community Supported Stormwater Mitigation Project
Ogemaw WM
June 2011 - This project builds on a previous WIN investment that included planning for water quality improvement projects in the Rifle River subwatershed. The 2011 effort focuses on the development of functional raingardens in West Branch, a promotional program to highlight the stormwater issue, a school-based program to involve youth in the effort, interpretive signage, and a stormwater treatment unit at an area of high impact to water quality